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The Mona Lisa, which is also known as the Portrait of Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo, French La Joconde, oil painting, or Italian La Gioconda, is considered to be the best drawing and the most famous in the world.
The drawing was done by an Italian writer, inventor, and artist known as Leonardo Da Vinci at some time between 1503 -1519 when da Vinci was residing in Florence. It’s said to have been completed in 1506; the painting features a portrait of a woman who is seated against an imaginary landscape.
The drawing still hangs and permanently placed in the Louvre Museum, Paris, where it has remained to be an item of pilgrimage in the 21st century. It is estimated to be worth a cool $800m today. The mysterious smile of the drawing as well as her unverified identity has since made the painting to be a source of continuing research and interest.
The drawing presents a woman who is in a half-body portrait, and it has a background of a distant landscape. However, this plain sketch of a seemingly typical work of art gives little sense of achievement f Leonardo da Vinci. The three-quarter view, wherein the position of the sitter mostly turns in the direction of the watcher, broke from the normal profile pose that had been used in the Italian art and speedily became the principle for all the portraits, one well used in the 21st century.
The subject’s tenderly sculptural face demonstrates the skilled sfumato (the use of fine shading) handling of Leonardo da Vinci and also shows his understanding of musculature as well as the skull underneath the skin. The carefully painted veil, the delicately shaped hair curls, and the careful representation of the folded fabric show learned observations along with inexhaustible endurance of Leonardo da Vinci.
In addition, the effective hair curves of the sitter and the clothing reverberate in the shape of the rivers and valleys that are behind the sitter. The sense of general harmony that is achieved in the drawing and especially visible in a faint smile of the sitter reflects Leonardo da Vinci’s idea of the cosmic relationship which connects nature and humanity. This has made this drawing a lasting record of Leonardo da Vinci’s vision. In its beautiful blend of the sitter and the background, the Mona Lisa drawing set the standard for all the future portraits.
There has since been a lot of rumor and debate concerning the identity of the sitter in the portrait. The Historians and Scholars have posited various interpretations. Some of the interpretations state that the sitter in the portrait is Lisa del Giocondo, who was the wife of the Florentine mercantile Francesco di Bartolommeo del Giocondo, thus another title to the drawing, La Gioconda. This identity was suggested first by artist biographer Giorgio Vasari in 1550.
Another interpretation was that the sitter in the portrait might perhaps have been Caterina, Leonardo’s mother; this interpretation was brought forth by Sigmund Freud, among others, who seemingly thought that the mysterious smile of Mona Lisa came from a possibly unconscious remembrance of Caterina’s smile.
The third interpretation was that the drawing was, actually, a self-portrait of Leonardo da Vinci, given the likeness seen between the sitter and the facial features of the artist. Several scholars state that Leonardo da Vinci’s riddle in this drawing was to disguise himself as a woman.
Leonardo da Vinci started drawing the Mona Lisa around 1503, and it was still in his studio until when he passed on in 1519. He most probably worked on it from time to time over quite a few years, adding various coatings of thin oil glazes at diverse times. Petite cracks in the drawing, known craquelure, are visible all through the whole piece, although the cracks are a bit smoother on the hands, wherein the thinner glazes match to the late period of Leonardo da Vinci.
And who is Mona Lisa? Description
It is rendered the same similarity as that of portraits of the Virgin Mary. As stated above, its masterpiece that features a female figure that is mostly believed to be that of Lisa Gherardini. She was the wife of Francesco Giocondo, silk and cloth vendor, that’s represented from her waist upwards. She is seated in a room (loggia) with one side that is with one side opened up.
Behind her is an appearance and foggy remote landscape that was imagined by Leonardo Da Vinci. As he painted using sfumato, this is a technique that results in forms without use borders and lines in the same manner as that of smoke, or that’s beyond the focus of a plane.
Mona Lisa figure sits as her arms are folded and gazing at the viewer with a soft-looking smile. The artistic attribute has particularly proven an eye-catching over the years. The ambiguous or feeble nature of the smile makes it an iconic painting, as well as more mysterious, thus prompting the viewers to understand both the intention of its painter and the mood.
She has a gaze that is bewitching; this is another attractive part of its composition. Several people believe that with her eyes, they follow them across the room, thus making her a participant. Whenever it is viewed, it is not just a portrait that you just look at it; the eye seemingly follows you.
According to researchers, they have come up with Mona Lisa’s effect in which they claim that a woman look at 15 degrees on your right is likely on your ears than the eye, a feature in Mona Lisa’s portrait. Whether real or perceived, her mysterious expression is one of the reasons that Mona Lisa’s painting has endured all time and thus becoming one of the famous paintings worldwide.
In addition to its baffling appearance, her look has reverberated strongly with historians for its symbolism; several people believe that it’s a visual representation of happiness as it indicated in the Italian word Gioconda.
Mona Lisa Condition
The Mona Lisa paint is in reasonably good condition despite its age.
The panel confirms some evidence from resistance on its original frame and the braces that were added by its early restorers.
To prevent this widening of the crack, that’s visible at the center on the upper edge of the paint. Some fittings were added at the back of the Mona Lisa painting. Later on restored using heavy canvas on the crack and as they replaced the top.
The glass on the Mona Lisa painting was replaced with a bulletproof glass after 1956s attacks one of the damaged areas is near the left elbow. The Mona Lisa painting has escaped several harms from vandalism in 1974, during the visit to Tokyo and later on in 2009 when someone threw a mug at it.
The Mona Lisa has now survived for over 500 years. A global commission stated that “the drawing is still in an amazing state of conservation. It has since never been restored fully, and as a result, the drawing’s present condition is partly because of a variety of preservation treatments that the drawing has gone through. A comprehensive analysis Madame de Gironde showed that previous restorers had “taken action with a big deal of self-control. However, the applications of varnish that was made to the drawing had darkened by the ending of the 16th century.
An insistent 1809 cleaning, as well as refinishing, removed several of the uppermost parts of the paint coating, and this resulted in a washed-out look on the face of the drawing. Regardless of these handling, the Mona Lisa has since well cared for all through its history. Even though the warping of the panel made the curators have some worry, the 2004-05 preservation teams were positive regarding the future of the artwork.
With this Mona Lisa drawing, Leonardo da Vinci formed a new method, and at the same time, a more monumental and more concrete, more lively, and so far more poetic than those of all his predecessors. Earlier, portraits did not have a mystery in them, and the majority of the artists just represented outer looks with no spirit. And where these artists showed the spirit, they usually tried to convey it by using gestures, inscriptions, or symbolic objects. The Mona Lisa is a living mystery: the spirit is there. However, it is not accessible.
Every year, millions of people crowd where the painting is hanged, as they wait for their turn to take a photograph of the most well-known artwork of Leonardo. Because of her attractive gaze as well as mysterious smile, the painting of Mona Lisa has been attracting to the public ever since it was painted in the early years of the 16th century.
The Mona Lisa painting was one of the very first portraits to portray the image before an imaginary background, and Leonardo da Vinci was among the first painters to make use of an aerial perspective.
Leonardo da Vinci passed on in 1519 and laid to rest at a French castle. The National Committee of the Cultural Heritage in Italy is carrying out an investigation, as well as plans to dig his skull. The skull is meant to rebuild the face of Leonardo da Vinci, using the CSI-style technology, but the question is, Will he bear a resemblance to his mysterious Mona Lisa that he had painted?