The hottest planet in our solar system is Venus. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 67 million miles (108 million kilometers). This distance makes Venus twice as far away from Earth as Mercury, yet closer to it than Mercury. On average, the surface of Venus reaches 864 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius) – hot enough to melt lead. But there’s more to Venus than just its surface temperature!
Because Venus has a thick carbon dioxide atmosphere, the hottest planet in our solar system is almost as hot as the surface of the sun. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, trapping heat. Greenhouse gases include methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases. Because of this, Venus has the highest surface temperature of any planet in our solar system. The high temperature prevents liquid water from forming on the surface of Venus.
The hotness of Venus’ atmosphere is partly due to its thick CO2 atmosphere, which traps most of the solar energy and allows very little of the infrared heat to escape. Venus’ atmosphere keeps heat trapped, resulting in a surface temperature that reaches 863 degrees Fahrenheit across its latitudes. This makes Venus the hottest planet in our solar system, but not by a long shot.
In 2006, the European Space Agency launched the Akatsuki mission to Venus, which observed the planet’s surface and atmospheric sulfur dioxide levels. It also discovered granite-like rocks on the surface, which would need liquid water to form. At present, the only probe currently orbiting Venus is the Akatsuki spacecraft, which studies Venus’ atmosphere at frequencies of light that are not visible to the human eye. These observations are processed to create enhanced-color pictures of Venus.
The hottest planet in our solar system, Mercury, has an exosphere that is nearly a vacuum. Although Mercury lacks an atmosphere, it does have a sparse atmosphere that consists mostly of oxygen, sodium, and hydrogen. Mercury’s magnetic field is offset from its equator, which makes it susceptible to solar wind plasma. The solar wind knocks off neutrally charged atoms from Mercury’s surface, which then rises into space.
Mercury has extreme temperatures, ranging between about 800 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and minus 290 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Even though Mercury does not have an atmosphere, the surface may be able to retain water ice, which is believed to be present in craters on the planet’s poles. Those craters could be located in permanent shadows, which are cold enough to keep water ice in place.
Venus is the second closest planet to Earth and has a slightly higher temperature than Mercury. Because it lacks an atmosphere, Venus is much hotter than Mercury. Venus’ atmosphere traps heat from the Sun, so Venus is far hotter than Mercury. Venus’ surface temperatures can reach 900 degrees Fahrenheit (or 475 degrees Celsius).
Mars is the hottest planet in our solar systems, and its atmosphere is primarily composed of hydrogen, oxygen, helium, and potassium. Mars’ atmosphere is extremely thin, making it a poor conductor of heat, and the side of the planet that does not face the sun becomes incredibly cold, – 292 deg F. The coldest part of the planet is also farthest from the Sun, at about 1.3 billion miles away.
Mercury, the next nearest planet to the Sun, is the hottest planet in our solar system. It has a higher surface temperature than Mercury, despite its closer proximity. Venus, the second closest planet to the sun, has a surface temperature of 462 degrees Celsius. Mercury and Venus are the closest planets to the sun, and they each receive a different amount of heat. Mercury and Venus are the closest planets to the sun, so they receive a lot more direct heat from the sun.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, and has a climate that is ideal for life. Venus and Mars are both hotter than Earth, but they are far from each other and orbit at a distance of 108 million kilometers. Mars is slightly longer than Earth, but it is still hotter than Venus. It has a mostly rocky surface, and its axial tilt is twenty-five degrees. The temperatures of Mars and Venus are similar at different points in the planet, and they are both red. The temperatures on Mars are about four hundred and fifty degrees Celsius hotter than those of Venus, and Venus has no moons.
Although it’s very distant from the Sun, Jupiter is far from cool. Its extreme temperature is determined by internal heat from its core. The surface temperature of Jupiter is approximately 1,340 degrees Fahrenheit at 600 miles from its center. The same holds true for Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. In fact, Jupiter is hotter than some stars, and it’s far more than twice the size of Earth.
Scientists think that a planet with such a high surface temperature would have a hotter atmosphere than Earth, but the rapid rotation of Jupiter has caused its weather to be changeable. Observations of Jupiter’s cloud tops have indicated that the gas is mostly liquid hydrogen. Because the planet is so hot, the cloud tops are estimated to be -280 degrees Fahrenheit. The icy core is deep inside Jupiter, but it is tilted 3 degrees on its axis. As a result, there are few seasonal changes on Jupiter.
ToI-2109b is the second hottest planet in the solar system. Its day side has a temperature close to 6,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and it has the shortest orbit of any gas giant in our solar system. While Jupiter is the hottest planet in our solar system, other gas giants are a few degrees cooler. TOI-2109b’s day side is estimated to be 3,500 Kelvin, or about 6,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
We’ve been hearing a lot about the icy rings of Saturn. But what are these rings, and is Saturn actually the hottest planet in our solar system? It’s a great question to ask, as the planet is more distant from the Sun than Jupiter. Saturn’s average temperature is -285 degrees Fahrenheit, with slightly higher winds than Jupiter. The largest satellite of Saturn, Titan, has an atmosphere and is the most Earth-like object in our solar system.
Scientists used data from the Cassini spacecraft to create a new temperature map of Saturn’s atmosphere. The spacecraft targeted bright stars in the constellations and studied starlight that passed behind Saturn. By analyzing the density of starlight that entered the atmosphere, scientists were able to determine the planet’s temperature. While the density of Saturn’s atmosphere decreases with altitude, the rate at which it falls is related to temperature. The temperatures peak near auroras, where electric currents in the upper atmosphere heat up the planet.
Other notable features of Saturn include its ring system. This ring system is made up of dark material, and it has 15 known moons. These moons are named after Shakespearean characters. Some are larger than others and have patchy surfaces. Some of these moons are so big that they float in water. So, what makes Saturn the hottest planet in the solar system? Find out for yourself!
KELT-9b is the hottest world in our solar system, with daytime temperatures over seven thousand degrees Fahrenheit. This would make the planet hotter than many stars. Researchers discovered the planet during the KELT survey, which focuses on large, unusual stars, as well as exoplanets yet to be discovered. KELT-9b is about three times as big as Jupiter and orbits its parent star, KELT-9.
KELT-9b is a gas giant world that orbits its host star at a rate of 36 hours. It receives almost four times as much energy from its host star as the Earth. Because of this intense heating, KELT-9b experiences two seasons per 36 hours. Scientists have found that the planet is at least 300 million years old. The temperature of KELT-9b is also four thousand degrees Fahrenheit hotter than Earth’s.
KELT-9b is 2.8 times as dense as Jupiter but twice as large. The atmosphere on the planet balloons outward as the planet orbits its host star. Its strange orbit means it has no chance of supporting life for aliens or humans. Nonetheless, the discovery of KELT-9b is significant and raises important questions about planetary systems. In the meantime, it is a great start to understanding the origin of planetary systems in our solar system.
KELT-9b is a gas giant roughly twice the size of Jupiter. Its surface temperature is around 4,300°F (7800°C). Its surface is also a comet-like tail, which may signal the impending disintegration of the planet. It has a mass around twice the mass of Jupiter, so it is unlikely that it will support life. Even if it does survive, there are few signs of life.