If you live\nin Florida, Bahamas or the intercoastal coastline of the United States, you may\nprepare yourself for hurricanes every single year. Hurricanes can be scary. Most people don\u2019t know what a hurricane is\nbut knows what destruction it can cause. \nWe are going to go into some details about hurricanes and how they get\nstarted. \n\n\n\nWhat is a\nHurricane?\n\n\n\nA tropical\ncyclone is what a hurricane is. It is a low-pressure\nsystem and often forms in climates that are humid such as: Florida, Bahamas,\nParts of Texas, Louisiana and other humid climates. Along with the hurricane, comes a\nthunderstorm. \n\n\n\nIf you\nhappen to live in the Northern Hemisphere, you will notice that the hurricane circulates\ncounterclockwise. If you hear on the news\nthat a tropical cyclone is headed your way, they are trying to tell you that\nthe hurricane can be a: hurricane, tropical storm or tropical depression. \n\n\n\nThese are\nlarge storms that tend to swirl. Believe\nit or not, hurricanes are fastening than a cheetah running at top speed. The hurricane will form on top of warm ocean\nwaters. Therefore, the Atlantic Ocean is\nsuch a good place for hurricanes to form. \nPalm Beach, Miami and Tampa Florida are most prone to hurricanes during\nMay 20th to November 30th. \n\n\n\nWhat is a\nTropical Depression?\n\n\n\nA tropical\ndepression is a well-organized group of clouds and thunderstorms with winds of\naround 38 miles per hour or less. \n\n\n\nWhat is a\nTropical Storm?\n\n\n\nIf you turn\non CNN and hear that a tropical storm is coming your way, it means that very\npowerful thunderstorms that are circulating at around 39 to 73 miles per hour\nare coming your way. \n\n\n\nYour local\nand national news stations will often tell you to beware of these types of\nstorms. They will often knock out\nelectrical power and throw loose debris around. \nIts wise to not walk around outside during a tropical storm. It\u2019s best\nto stay in a shelter that is tropical storm proof. \n\n\n\nLearn More About a Hurricane?\n\n\n\nA hurricane\ncan be life threatening and cause structural damage when it makes\nlandfall. Hurricanes can have sustained\nwinds of 74 miles per hour and higher. \nRecently, Florida has been warned about two major hurricanes over the\npast 3 years. Irma and Dorian were expected\nto be between a category 4 and 5. If they\nwould have made landfall, it would have caused major destruction of homes and possibly\nloss of life. Thank goodness Florida\nmissed these two hurricanes. \n\n\n\nUnfortunately,\nin August of 2005, hurricane Katrina hit Louisiana as a category 5 storm. This was one of the worst storms to ever make\nlandfall on American soil. This hurricane\nhad wind speeds of up to 174 miles per hour. \n\n\n\n\nHurricanes like\nthis don\u2019t happen often. However, when they do hit the mainland of any country,\nthey cause mass destruction and loss of life. \nPeople often go without electric, water and the ability to get to food\nfor around one to four weeks. Governors\nand politicians always urge people to prepare for a storm of this magnitude\ndays in advance before the storm makes landfall. Hurricane Katrina costed the United States\n125 billion dollars in damages. \n\n\n\nToday,\npoliticians across the United States know the devastation of what a hurricane\ncan bring and often alert its citizens of a dangerous storm when it approaches.\nEven the governor of Florida Rick Scott warned Floridians in September of 2017\nto get out of the state because Irma was going to be huge. If hurricane Irma\nwould have hit Florida in 2017, it would have caused the same kind of\ndestruction that hurricane Katrina caused Louisiana in 2005. \n\n\n\nWhat Categories\nCan a Hurricane Be?\n\n\n\nWhen the\nnews announces a hurricane, it will often announce the winds with a category.\nThe categories can range from 1 to 5. A\ncategory 1 is the weakest and a 5 is the strongest. \n\n\n\nIts always a\ngood idea to check with a local hurricane window company for the strength of your\nwindows. It\u2019s good to find out if the windows in your home are hurricane impact\nproof and if they are, what category of winds can they withstand in a storm? \n\n\n\nIf you watch\nyour local news or CNN, they will start to give the hurricane names when the\ncyclone has winds of 39 miles per hour or more. \n\n\n\n\nCategory 5\nis winds that are 157 miles per hour and higher.\n\n\n\nCategory 4\nwinds that are 140-156 miles per hour and higher. \n\n\n\nCategory 3\nis between 111-129 miles per hour. \n\n\n\nCategory 2\nis between 96 to 110 miles per hour. \n\n\n\nCategory 1\nis between 74 to 95 miles per hour. \n\n\n\nWhat Are\nSome of the Names of Recent Hurricanes?\n\n\n\nHarvey (2017)\n\n\n\nIrene (2011)\n\n\n\nMichael\n(2018)\n\n\n\nLorenzo\n(2019)\n\n\n\nHumberto\n(2019)\n\n\n\nIrene (2011)\n\n\n\nAnother\nproblem with hurricanes is that it brings on shore with it a lot of water. This causes flooding during a hurricane and\ncan often flood out entire neighborhoods. \n\n\n\n\nIt takes\nweather specialist to predict how and where the hurricane will make\nlandfall. Most hurricanes tend to shift\nas well. The news can tell you that the\nhurricane is heading straight for you and then within a couple of days, the storm\ntakes a shift and can end up somewhere else. \nThese are often shown using spaghetti models. There is a European and\nAmerican spaghetti model that is often used to predict where the hurricane will\ngo exactly. \n\n\n\nThe Best\nWay to Look at a Hurricane:\n\n\n\nAn interesting\nfact is that the hurricane has different parts to it. There is a hole in the\ncenter of the storm. This is known as\nthe eye of the storm. The winds are\noften light with cloudy skies. The skies\nare often cloudy and can even be clear. \n\n\n\nIf the news\nis telling you that the eyewall is heading straight for your county, it means\nthat the strongest part of the storm will be hitting you. This means that if they are predicting 130 mile\nper hour winds in the eyewall, you are going to experience a lot of flying debris,\nhouse destruction and possibly loss of life. \n\n\n\nIt\u2019s best to\nget to a hurricane shelter before the hurricane comes. Also, remember that heavy rain comes with the\nhurricane. This means that you can experience flooding. If you look at hurricane Katrina, it clearly\nshowed people walking through water often waist or neck deep. \n\n\n\nIf a\nhurricane is headed your way, the news will often mention rain bands. Rain bands are the bands of clouds that are\noutside of the hurricanes eye wall. \nThese rain bands can be for miles. \nTherefore, entire states are often evacuated if the rain bands are\nhundreds of miles wide. It can cause\nmass destruction throughout an entire state. \n\n\n\n\nIt\u2019s also\npossible that a rain band can have tornadoes in them as well. If you live in places like Florida, you will\nmost likely hear the news issuing warnings for tornado watch. \n\n\n\nBefore the\nhurricane forms, it will first become a tropical disturbance. Afterwards, it grows\ninto what we call a tropical depression. \nThe tropical depression will then become a tropical storm. Afterwards, tropical storms become a\nhurricane. As you can see, the storm\nslowly progresses and is often easier to predict with computer models. \n\n\n\nWhy Do\nHurricanes Form?\n\n\n\nEven in\ntoday\u2019s high technology world, scientists are still baffled as to why hurricanes\nform. Scientists don\u2019t know exactly how\nthey form. However, they do know that in order to have a hurricane, you need warm\nwater and winds that stay consistent. \nThis is a perfect recipe for a hurricane. \n\n\n\nWhy Do We\nName Hurricanes?\n\n\n\nThe main\nreason we name hurricanes is because multiple hurricanes can form at the same\ntime. If the news tells you that a\nhurricane is forming in off the coast of Florida, you may wonder if it\u2019s the same\nhurricane that you heard about two days ago. \nIt can get confusing if hurricanes are not named. \n\n\n\nThe news\nbegins to name hurricanes when they are a tropical storm. The name of the tropical\nstorm will stick with it if it becomes a hurricane. The storms are named in\nAlphabetical order. \n\n\n\nThe main\ninformation about hurricanes comes from NASA. \nThis is because we track storms from space using satellites that take pictures\nof the storm. When NASA releases the pictures,\nit often goes viral in the news, social media and other outlets. \n\n\n\nMany of\nthese satellites can track warm weather and other aspects of the hurricane. It\ncan show size of the storm as well. \n\n\n\nNASA flies\u2019\nairplanes into the storm as well as above the storm to see the size of the hurricane\nand predict is strength. Hurricanes are\ndangerous and NASA will often use airplanes that are not operated by human\nbeings to fly into the storm. Flying a\nhuman being into the storm could be life threatening.